News & Events

HEPL / KIPAC Seminar

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Ethan Brown

Institut fur Kernphysik
University of Munster

Searching for Dark Matter with XENON100 and XENON1T

Abstract: A large amount of evidence supports the theory that 25% of the universe is composed of cold dark matter. The XENON project has conducted several experiments using a liquid xenon target in a dual phase time projection chamber (TPC) in an attempt to detect dark matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) by looking for nuclear recoils in the xenon target.

The current experiment, XENON100, has conducted dedicated dark matter searches using xenon TPC with a 62 kg target in the LNGS laboratory in Italy. The lack of significant signal above background has led to the most stringent limit on the WIMP-nucleon cross section to date, at σ < 2.0× 10^−45 cm^2. This result constrains the regions of phase space favored by many theoretical models such as super symmetry (SUSY) and rules out some exotic models like inelastic dark matter scattering.

The XENON project is rapidly transitioning to the next phase, XENON1T, which will utilize a ton scale xenon TPC to increase the sensitivity to WIMP-nucleon scattering by 2 orders of magnitude. Such sensitivity will probe the most favored regions predicted by SUSY and has a high discovery potential. Scaling to such a large detector requires technological improvements to instrument and operate the detector, but also requires a background reduction by two orders of magnitude. The systems necessary for such a low background experiment are in advanced stages of R&D and construction of the experiment has now begun, which will lead to a scientific result by 2017.

Bio: (Not Available)

Time: 4:15 – 5:15pm

Location: Hewlett Teaching Center, Room 102 (Map)

(Light refreshments available 4:00pm; Presentation begins 4:15pm

Open to All